Assessment of Wind Resource and Its Energy Potential in Three States of Northwest Nigeria

Akpaneno A. Francis *

Department of Physics, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina, Nigeria.

Idris Aminu Usman

Department of Physics, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The growing need for clean energy to address the environmental issues caused by the usage of fossil fuels results to the need for Nigeria to develop an alternative energy from untapped wind which is in abundance in the region. The aim of this study is to evaluate wind power potential and wind energy resources of three locations (Kaduna, Kano and Katsina) of northwestern part of Nigeria. The Nigerian Meteorological agency (NIMET) provided the wind speed data spanning 25 years (1996-2020). In the analysis, Weibull two-parameter statistical model was used. The distribution of wind speed across Nigeria demonstrates that some areas in the North are equipped to generate wind. Microsoft excel was used in analyzing the wind speed data obtained. In addition, evaluation of the region’s wind energy resources shows that Kano recorded the highest potential, with WPD of 443.03 Wm-2 at 10m AGL with annual WED of 4.921 kWhm-2day-1 while Kaduna recorded the lowest potential of 198.43 Wm-2 with annual WED of 2.093 kWhm-2day-1. As a result, Kaduna is found to be ideal for small scale wind power generation, while Kano and Katsina may be suitable for large scale wind power generation.

Keywords: Nigeria, weibull, wind speed, wind power, wind energy


How to Cite

Francis , A. A., & Usman , I. A. (2024). Assessment of Wind Resource and Its Energy Potential in Three States of Northwest Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research and Reviews in Physics, 8(2), 12–20. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajr2p/2024/v8i2160

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