Gamma Spectrometry Analysis of Natural Radionuclide Contents of Three Mushroom Species Commonly Grown in Benue State, Nigeria

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A. A. Nathan
T. Sombo
B. V. Gurgur
A. A. Avaa
T. A. Fadeyi

Abstract

The activity concentration and Annual Effective doses of 40K, 226Ra, and 232Th in some edible mushroom species (Cantharellus cibarius, Agaricus campestris, Termitomyces robustus) found in three Local Government Areas of Benue state-Nigeria were determined using Gamma Spectrometry; the 1460KeV gamma-radiation of 40K was used to determine the concentration of 40K, gamma transition energy of 1764.5KeV 214Bi was used to determine the concentration of 226R, while the gamma transition energy of 2614KeV 208TI was used to determine the concentration of 232Th. The activity concentration due to 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in the samples ranged from 10.06±1.6 - 14.19±3.01Bqkg-1; 10.88±2.65 to 15.38±4.30Bqkg-1and 202.31±1.4 to 318.44±3.20Bqkg-1 respectively; the highest activity due to 226Ra was found in Termitomyces robustus grown in Gboko; that due to 232Th was recorded in Agaricus campestris grown in Buruku L.G.A., while the highest activity concentration due to 40K was recorded in Termitomyces robustus found in Buruku. Generally, 40K recorded the highest activity concentration in each mushroom species examined. Annual Effective Dose from these species sampled ranges from 0.0006952mSvy-1 (in Makurdi- Termitomyces robustus species) - 0.0008467mSvy-1 (in Buruku Termitomyces robustus species). The average effective dose value of 0.00788±0.000186mSvy-1 obtained in this work is below the maximum permissible level established by ICRP (1996). Thus, these mushrooms species will not pose any apparent risk to human health.

Keywords:
Gamma spectrometry, radionuclide, mushroom, activity concentration, annual effective dose

Article Details

How to Cite
A. Nathan, A., Sombo, T., V. Gurgur, B., A. Avaa, A., & A. Fadeyi, T. (2018). Gamma Spectrometry Analysis of Natural Radionuclide Contents of Three Mushroom Species Commonly Grown in Benue State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research and Reviews in Physics, 1(2), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajr2p/2018/v1i224610
Section
Original Research Article