Measurement and Evaluation of Radiation Power Density Emitted from Mobile Cellular Base Stations in Abuja and its Environ, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Ibrahim Aminu
J. T. Zhimwang
D. Adewumi
R. S. Ibrahim
M. Z. Musa
D. D. Matthew


This paper presents measurement and evaluation of radiation power density emitted from mobile cellular base stations in Abuja and it’s environ. Forty (40) mobile base stations with ten (10) each from AIRTEL, ETISALAT, GLO and MTN located in areas with high population were randomly examined across Abuja. Broadband analysis method was employed in the measurement of the radiation power density. The results obtained shows that most of the base stations recorded lower radiation power density below the safety standard value of 4.5watt/m2 , 22.5 watt/m2 for 900MHz frequency though few base stations recorded above standard value: GLO-BS02, GLO-BS03 and MTN-BS02 recorded 59.02 mW/m2, 39.76 mW/m2 and 46.70 mW/m2 respectively. The result also revealed that as distance increases, the mean power density reduces. This is to said that human exposure to radio frequency radiation have less or no health hazard at distance far away from the mobile cellular base station.

Mobile cellular, radio frequency and radiation power density.

Article Details

How to Cite
Aminu, I., Zhimwang, J. T., Adewumi, D., Ibrahim, R. S., Musa, M. Z., & Matthew, D. D. (2021). Measurement and Evaluation of Radiation Power Density Emitted from Mobile Cellular Base Stations in Abuja and its Environ, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research and Reviews in Physics, 4(1), 7-13.
Original Research Article


Mughele ES, Adegbola T, longe O, Boateng R. Factor analysis for GSM services congestion – The case of MTN Nigeria. Computing and Information Systems Journal. 2015;15(1):4-15.

Frieden R. Telecommunication: Technical report by redmond, Microsoft Corporation; 2009.

Kwan-Hoong Ng. Non-Ionizing radiations sources, biological effects, emissions and exposures. Proceedings of the International Conference on Non-Ionizing Radiation at UNITEN (ICNIR 2003) Electromagnetic Fields and Our Health; 2003.

Mahmoud MD. High frequency radiation and human exposure. Proceedings of the International Conference on Non-Ionizing Radiation at UNITEN (ICNIR 2003). Electromagnetic Fields and Our Health; 2003.

World Health Organization. Electromagnetic fields and public health: Electromagnetic hypersensitivity. Available: (Accessed on 6 December, 2019).

Raimondas B, Birute S, Juozas R, Rimantas S, Aurelija S, Rimante C. A Technical approach to the evaluation of radiofrequency radiation emissions from mobile telephony base stations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(244):1-18.

Ekata G, Kostanic I. Model for monitoring GSM base station radiation safety in Nigeria. International Journal of Engineering Research and Application. 2014;4(10):97–104.

ICNIRP. Guidelines for limiting exposure to time varying electric, magnetic and electromagnetic field (up to 300GHz), Health Physics. 1998;74(4):494–522.

Kitchen R. RF and microwave radiation safety. Second Edition. Newness; 2001.

Ismail A, Norashida M, Tamaludin M, Balasubramaniam N. Mobile phone base station radiation study for addressing public concern. American journal of engineering and applied sciences. 2010;3(1):117–120.

Bolaji A, Idowu F. Risks associated with low level radio frequency exposure at close proximities to mobile phone base stations. Pacific Journal of Science and Science and Technology. 2012;13(2):330–335.

Moulder JE. Power Frequency Fields and Cancer. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering. 2004.

Bergqvist U, Friedrich G, Hamnerius Y, Martens L, Neubauer G, Thuroczy G. Mobile telecommunication base stations—Exposure to electromagnetic fields. Rep. Short Term Mission COST. 2001;244: 1–77.

Bortkiewicz A, Gadzicka E, Szyjkowska A, Politanski P, Mamrot P, Szymczak W. Subjective complaints of people living near mobile telecommunication base stations in poland. Int. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health. 2012;25:31–40.

Breckenkamp J, Neitzke HP, Bornkessel C, Berg-Beckhoff G. Applicability of exposure model for the determination of emissions from mobile telecommunication base stations. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 2008;131:474–481.

Briggs V, Beale L, Bennett J, Toledano MB, De Hoogh KA. Geographical model of radio-frequency power density around mobile telecommunication masts. Sci. Total Environ. 2012;426:233–243.

Bürgi A, Frei P, Theis G, Mohler E, Braun-Fahrlander C, Frohlich J.. Model for radiofrequency electromagnetic field predictions at outdoor and indoor locations in the context of epidemiological conduct field measurements. Bio-electromagnetics. 2010;31:226–236.

Gajsek P, Simunic D. Occupational exposure to base stations-compliance with EU directive 2004/40/EC. Int. J. Occup. Saf. Ergonom. 2006;12:187–194. Health,”

Moulder JE. Cellular phone antennas (mobile phone base stations) and Human.

Moulder JE. Power frequency fields and cancer. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering. 1998;26:1-116.

Roosli M, Huss A. Mobile telecommunication base station exposure and symptoms. Environ. Health Perspect. 2008;116:62–63.

Rowley JT, Joyner KH. Comparative international analysis of radiofrequency exposure surveys of mobile communication radio base stations. J. Expo. Sci. Environ. Epidemiol. 2012;22:304–315.

Wojcik D, Topa T, Szczepanski K. Absorption of EM energy by human body in the vicinity of GSM base station antenna. J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol. 2005;32:34–38.