Open Access Original Research Article

Investigation of Proton and Neutron Alignment in the Ba and Ce Isotopes within Interaction Interacting Boson Model and Triaxial Rotor Model

Ali N. Sabbar, Saad N. Abood

Asian Journal of Research and Reviews in Physics, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/ajr2p/2021/v4i330142

In the form of two quasi-particles coupled to a core described by the IBM-1 and Triaxil Rotor models, the high-spin states of the Ba and Ce isotopes are studied. Bands based on both (vh11/2)-2 and (configurations are considered, which is found to be appropriate for this region to better explain band-crossing systems. Between the recent experimental data and the calculated energy spectra and electric transition probability, fair agreement is achieved.

Open Access Original Research Article

Multi-parametric Rational Solutions to the KdV Equation

Pierre Gaillard

Asian Journal of Research and Reviews in Physics, Page 14-21
DOI: 10.9734/ajr2p/2021/v4i330143

We construct multi-parametric rational solutions to the KdV equation. For this, we use solutions in terms of exponentials depending on several parameters and take a limit when one of these parameters goes to 0. Here we present degenerate rational solutions and give a result without the presence of a limit as a quotient of polynomials depending on 3N parameters. We give the explicit expressions of some of these rational solutions.

Open Access Original Research Article

Far-field to Near-field Data Relations for the Inverse Electromagnetic Scattering Problem

Arnold Abramov, Yutao Yue

Asian Journal of Research and Reviews in Physics, Page 22-28
DOI: 10.9734/ajr2p/2021/v4i330144

This paper considers (in general form) the problem of recovering information (size and material parameters) about the scattering object from far-field measurements. The order of solution and functions of each equation for the fields inside and outside the scattering object are discussed. Using well-known mathematical theorems, a simple equation has been derived that connects the far-field data on one side to the near-field data on the other side. Consequently, this equation has been used in an optimization procedure to find the parameters of the dielectric cylinder.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impacts of the Variations of Aerosols Components and Relative Humidity on the Visibility and Particles Size Distribution of the Desert Atmosphere

S. U. Yerima, B. I. Tijjani, U. M. Gana

Asian Journal of Research and Reviews in Physics, Page 42-65
DOI: 10.9734/ajr2p/2021/v4i330146

This paper investigates the Impact of relative humidity, varying the concentrations of water-soluble aerosol particle concentrations (WASO), Mineral Nuclei Mode Aerosols Particle Concentration (MINN), mineral accumulation mode, nonspherical (MIAN) aerosol particles concentrations and Mineral Coarse Mode Aerosols Particle Concentration (MICN) on the visibility and particles size distribution of desert aerosols based on microphysical properties of desert aerosols. The microphysical properties (the extinction coefficients, volume mix ratios, dry mode radii and wet mode radii) were extracted from Optical Properties of Aerosols and Clouds (OPAC 4.0) at eight relative humidities, RHs (00 to 99%) and at the spectral visible range of 0.4-0.8mm, the concentrations were varied to obtain five different models for each above-mentioned component. Regression analysis of some standard equations were used to determine the Angstrom exponent (α), the turbidity coefficient (β), the curvature (α2), humidification factor (), the mean exponent of aerosol growth curve (µ) and the mean exponent of aerosol size distributions (n). The values of angstrom exponent (α) were observed to be less than 1 throughout the five models at all RHs for the four studied components, and this signifies the dominance of coarse mode particles over fine mode particles. But the magnitude of the angstrom exponent (α) fluctuates all through the studied components except for WASO which increased with the increase in RH across the models and this also signifies the dominance of coarse mode particles with some traces of fine mode particles. The investigation also revealed that the curvature (α2) has both monomodal (negative signs) and bimodal (positive signs) types of distributions all through the five models and this also signifies the dominance of coarse mode particles with some traces of fine mode particles across the individual models for all the studied components. it was also found that the visibility decreased with the increase in RH and increased with the increase in wavelength. The investigation further revealed that the turbidity coefficient (β) fluctuates with the increase in RH and the particles concentrations, and this might be due to major coagulation and sedimentation. The analysis further found that there is a direct inverse power relation between the humidification factor and the mean exponent of aerosols size distribution with the mean exponent of aerosols growth curve. It was also found that as the magnitude of µ increased for MIAN, MINN and MICN, the effective hygroscopic growth  decreased. For WASO, it was found that as the magnitude of µ decreased, the effective hygroscopic growth  increased with the increase in particles concentrations and RH. The decreased in the magnitude of µ for WASO might be due to the fact that as we increase the non-hygroscopic particles, we decrease the deliquescence. The mean exponent of aerosol size distribution (n) being less than 3 shows foggy condition of the desert atmosphere the four investigated components and five studied models.

Open Access Review Article

Consistency Conditions of f(R,G)-Gravity Field Equations for Bianchi-Type III Metric

Selçuk Güler, Ertan Güdekli

Asian Journal of Research and Reviews in Physics, Page 29-41
DOI: 10.9734/ajr2p/2021/v4i330145

In this paper, we study the -gravitation theory under the assumption that the standard matter-energy content of the universe is a perfect fluid with linear barotropic equation of state within the framework of Bianchi-Type III model from the class of homogeneous and anisotropic universe models. However, whether such a restriction lead to any contradictions or inconsistencies in the field equations will create an issue that needs to be examined. Under the effective fluid approach, we will be concerned mainly the field equations in an orthonormal tetrad framework with an equimolar and examined the situation of establishing the functional form of  together with the scale factors, which are their solutions. Unlike similar studies, which are very few in the literature, instead of assuming preliminary solutions, we determined the consistency conditions of the field equations by assuming the matter energy content of the universe as an isotropic perfect fluid for Bianchi-Type III.